Burma officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, commonly shortened to Myanmar. It lies on the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea coast with Bangladesh and India to the west, China to the north, and Laos and Thailand to the east. Myanmar is the world's 40th largest country and the second largest in Southeast Asia. It is also a country rich in jade and gems, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources.

General Information

Official name: The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Capital: Yagon
Population: over 60 million people
Total Area: 676,578 square kilometers
Major religion: Buddhism
Monetary unit: Kyat
International dialing code: +95
Time Zone - Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +6.5 hours


Myanmar is considered to have 3 seasons. The hot season is usually from March-April, and temperatures then cool off during the rainy season from May-October with frequent short rainstorms and humidity. The peak tourism season is the cool season from November-February.

Temperatures can climb as high as 36°C in Yangon in the hot season while in the cool season, noontime temperatures are usually a more bearable 32°C, with night temperatures falling to around 19°C. Mandalay is slightly cooler in the cool season, with temperatures falling as low as 13°C, while temperatures in the hot season can go as high as 37°C. In the highlands such as Inle Lake and Pyin U Lwin, winter temperatures can fall below 10°C at night, while daytime temperatures tend to be very pleasant. Even in the summer, temperatures rarely climb above 32°C.


The national language is Burmese, of which there are over 80 different dialects. In the cities the majority of people speak good English with a growing number learning in more rural areas.

Currency/ Money

The local currency in Myanmar is the kyat (pronounced 'chat'). US Dollars are accepted in most hotels and some tourist shops and restaurants, although it is recommended to carry kyat for other purchases, local restaurants and tipping. Moneychangers are found in the main tourist cities. It is advisable to change your money in Yangon as it is easier and there are better rates than in the other cities. ATMs are difficult to find in rural areas and smaller towns, so plan accordingly.


Over 85% of the Burmese population is Buddhist, so most of the holidays are religious based. The biggest celebration is Thingyan, or the Buddhist New Year, which occurs in mid-April and lasts for several days. Almost all restaurants and businesses are closed during this period, but it does not have a big effect on travel plans.


Anyone wishes to enter Myanmar must have a visa and a passport with at least 6 months validity. Visas must be arranged prior to traveling to Myanmar. Pre-arranged Visa on Arrival is available for all travelers but must be applied for at least 2 weeks in advance through your closest embassy and cannot be 100% guaranteed. Tourist Visa is valid for 28 days within the country. You can overstay your visa for 3$ fee (payable to immigration when you exit). However, if you wish to come back to the country, it may be more difficult to get another visa if they see that you already have one overstay. It's best to stay within the 28 days limit.

(VIP airport pick up service is available. Please contact us for requirement.)



Myanmar Sight-seeings

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  • Bagan is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Burma (Myanmar). From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan, the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. During the kingdom's height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone, of which the remains of over 2000 temples and pagodas still survive to the present day  covering an area of 42 sq. km. Nowadays, this intriguing destination features a beautiful reflection of Buddhism development from time to time. Visitors are to immerse in the distinguished architecture of different centuries with distinctive legends while being impressed by the stunning landscapes and colorful workshop.

    Bagan shows Myanmar architectural heritages from the 11th to mid 14th centuries. For many visitors Bagan is the more extraordinary of the two cities and this because of the view. The ruins of the more than one hundred Angkor temples stand alone and isolated in thick jungles, and only from the top of the tallest temples it is not possible to see others in the distance. Sprawling across a vast dusty plain, the ruins of Bagan are unhidden. There being no trees to obstruct the view, one may gaze over forty square miles of countryside, upon literally thousands of temples. It was said to be that each and every household was able to donate an enshrined Pagoda, because of their faith in Buddhism believe and also because of their wealth. The famous pagodas included Su La Ma Ni Pahto, Dhamma Yan Gyi Pahto, Ananada Temple, Shwe San Daw Paya, That Byin Nyu Temple, Mya Zedi, Pya Thada (or) Pya That Gyi Pagoda, Shin Arahan Oak Kyaung, Gaw Daw Palin Temple, Mingalar Zedi, Soe Min Gyi Pagoda, Ape Yadana Temple, Sein Nyet Ama and Nyimma Pagoda, Naga Yon Temple, Dhamma Yazaka Zedi.

  • Located in Shan State, Inle Lake is 22km long and about 11km wide. The lake is at 1328 meters above sea level. It is one of the most unique areas in Southeast Asia as the second largest lake in Myanmar with its diverse ethnic culture and special water agriculture. It also contains over twenty species of snails and nine species of fish which are found nowhere else in the world. The floating water hyacinth is the major product of this region. Many hand made products such as bags, baskets are made from water hyacinth.

    The people of Inle Lake (called Intha), some 70,000 of them,live in four cities bordering the lake, in numerous small villages along the lake's shores, and on the lake itself. Most transportation on the lake is traditionally by small boats, or by somewhat larger boats fitted with single cylinder inboard diesel engines. Local fishermen are known for practicing a distinctive rowing style which involves standing at the stern on one leg and wrapping the other leg around the oar. This unique style evolved for the reason that the lake is covered by reeds and floating plants making it difficult to see above them while sitting. Standing provides the rower with a view beyond the reeds. However, the leg rowing style is only practiced by the men. Women row in the customary style, using the oar with their hands, sitting cross legged at the stern.

  • The principal cultural and economic city of upper Myanmar, and former royal capital, Mandalay still evokes images of a romantic bygone era. The royal palace and its impressive surrounding gate sit at the foot of the imposing Mandalay Hill. Positioned on the banks of the mighty Ayeryarwaddy River, Mandalay lies within easy striking distance of former colonial hill stations (Maymyo), ancient cities (Ava, Amarapura, Mingun) and other cultural attractions.

  • Ngapali Beach Myanmar is the most beautiful beach among the beaches in Myanmar. It is accessible by flight which takes about 45 minutes from Yangon, by car about 14 hours drive along the Rakhine Yoma mountain range. Yangon Airways, Air Mandalay and Air Bagan fly from Yangon to Ngapali daily and there are also direct flights from Heho and Nyaung Oo to Ngapali. The best time to visit is during October to May.

    Ngapali Beach has been promoted as a major tourist destination in Myanmar. Several resorts and hotels are located in Ngapali, usually of the high end - such as Bayview Ngapali, Amata Resort, Amazing Ngapali and also the government owned Anawa. Ngapali used to have private bungalos, but these were torn down in the late 1990s to make way for the development of hotels. Apart from the normal beach activities, excursions like visiting the small fishing villages and local markets; exploring the countryside by bicycle and a boat trips to the magnificent offshore islands can be experienced in Ngapali. There is also the 18-hole Golf Course just 15 minutes drive from the hotel to fulfill the taste of beach golfers. Besides the vibrant culture, pagodas, temples and jungle of mountains in Myanmar, there are also some of the most pristine beaches in all of Southeast Asia. Miles of empty white sand beaches, brilliant turquoise seas, all backed by towering coconut palms, Ngapali is Myanmar’s premier beach destination. Intimate resorts offer visitors the chance to swim, sail, kayak, and feast on lobster and prawn by candle light as the sun sinks into the Indian Ocean. Ngapali is the perfect place to unwind and savor those few precious weeks in Myanmar.

  • Ngwe Saung Beach is also on the western coast of Myanmar on the Bay of Bengal, nearly directly west of Yangon and a bit south of Ngapali. It has become popular with tourists in just the last four or five years and the quality of the beach, sand and water is comparable to Ngapali Beach. Until recently, the beach could be reached only by car (about 5-6 hours drive) from Yangon, or by a tourist ferry that would make an overnight trip (but sometimes the boat would not run if they did not have enough bookings).

    An unspoilt 15-km stretch of silvery sand and modern amenities have made Ngwesaung a popular destination for less budget conscious tourists from Lower Myanmar. Still Ngwe Saung has much to develop. Its choices for nightlife activities remain paltry, even by local standards. Chaungtha and Ngapali beaches have greater choices of nighttime activities. At this point, a nearby elephant training camp is a main daytime attraction at Ngwe Saung.

  • Yangon (also known as Rangoon) is a former capital of Burma (Myanmar) and the capital of Yangon Region. Yangon is a combination of the two words (Yan) and (Koun), which mean "enemies" and "run out of" respectively. It is also translated as "End of Strife". Used to be the British’s colonial country, Yangon has the charm of colonial signature and preserved culture with such long boulevards with tree line, British styled houses and beautiful garden attached to the residential area. City Halls, Churches, Water Management Buildings and many other outstanding landmarks provide you a vivid image of British. There are many peoples in Yangon including Burmese, Chinese, India and they expose their own culture in a beautiful way.

    There are many things you can do and see in this wonderful city. Shwedagon Pagoda must be the first name in your mind. This spectacular golden pagoda – it is also called The Golden Pagoda – is the religious symbol of Myanmar and also the most famous landmark of Yangon. Its color is even more sparkle at night under the sky of Yangon. On the road of the Shwedagon Pagoda, you can visit some other spots of beauty in Yangon like the 2,500-year-old Sule Pagoda or heading to the central Yangon for a shopping at the mall. The second name may be the Bogyoke Market, also known as the Scott’s Market where one can buy anything in one place. Besides two famous places above, Yangon boasts many other interesting places for you like the Mahabandoola Park, National Museum, Inlay Lake and some Cathedrals such as St.Mary and Holy Trinity… Moreover, you can take part in many activities in Yangon. The Circular Train may be the ideal choice for a fascinating day with 1$ and passport.  Cuisine is also an important part of the Burmese. In Yangon, you can join in the cooking demonstration or take a cooking class with the guide of an expert chief. Yangon is the land of restaurant, you can find any country’s gastronomy in this small city, from Italian, Indian to Japanese and Korean. Some famous names you must visit if you want to experience the food in Yangon like Seven One One Restaurant on Anawratha Road, 999 Shan Noodle Shop with unforgettable noodle, Feel, Hla Myanmar with the local dishes, Golden City Chetty – an ideal choice for tasting Indian cuisine and Soe Pyi Swar – best choice for the vegetarian.

  • Myanmar Tours

    Far East Travel provides best travel deals for your vacation. You can choose to travel at various levels of comfort, staying in anything from deluxe to budget accommodation, using various forms of transportation, and dining in authentic and international restaurants or in more local style eateries. Take your pick of our offered tour packages and contact us today for proposal or to customize your own tour.

    Customised tours?
    Questions ? Comments ? Enquiries ?
    E-mail us now
    We'll be in touch within 24-48 hours

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